Development of Nanoemulsions containing coconut oil with mixed mulsifiers: Effect of mixing speed on physical properties

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Research Article: Development of Nanoemulsions containing coconut oil with mixed mulsifiers: Effect of mixing speed on physical properties
ผู้เขียน/Author: Sirikarn Pengon, Wongsakorn Suchaoin, Chutima Limmatvapirat, Sontaya Limmatvapirat
Email: sirikarn.pengon@siam.edu
สาขาวิชา/คณะ: คณะเภสัชศาสตร์ มหาวิทยาลัยสยาม กรุงเทพฯ 10160
Department/Faculty Faculty of Pharmacy,  Siam University, Bangkok 10160
Published/แหล่งเผยแพร่ Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Materials and Technology 2019, 819, pp. 181-186

การอ้างอิง/citation

Sirikarn Pengon, Wongsakorn Suchaoin, Chutima Limmatvapirat, Sontaya Limmatvapirat. (2019). Development of Nanoemulsions containing coconut oil with mixed mulsifiers: Effect of mixing speed on physical properties. Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Materials and Technology, 819, 181-186.

 


ABSTRACT

Recently, coconut oil has become an attractive natural material consisting of monolaurin which exhibits antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral and antiprotozoal effects. However, coconut oil is relatively immiscible with water, the main composition of human body. This study was thus focused on the development of nanoemulsions containing coconut oil employing the combination of several surfactants and variation of mixing speed for the purpose of overcoming the immiscible problem.

Formulations of nanoemulsions were prepared within this study. The HLB values were then measured and used to determine the compatibility between coconut oil and surfactants. Moreover, the speed of homogenizer which might have a significant impact on the physical properties of nanoemulsions, was taken into account. Meanwhile, particle size, zeta potential, pH, long-term stability and antibacterial activity were also examined.

According to the results, the nanoemulsions prepared from 10% (w/w) of coconut oil and 10% (w/w) of surfactants comprising of Tween® 80 and Span® 80 at the ratio of 2 to 3 at the homogenization speed of 15000 rpm seemed to be suitable for topical administration with the characteristics as follows: the droplet size of 254.7±0.016 nm, the zeta potential of -4.41±1.46 mV and the pH values of 6.13± 0.01. In addition, coconut oil formulated in the form of nanoemulsions demonstrated the efficient antimicrobial activities against Staphylococcus aureus, a gram-positive bacteria. In conclusion, this study represents the effect of mixing speed on the properties of nanoemulsions containing coconut oil which could be further developed as a substitute for topical antibiotics.

 

Keywords: Coconut oil, HLB, Mixing speed, Emulsifier, Nanoemulsions, Antimicrobial.


Development of Nanoemulsions containing coconut oil with mixed mulsifiers: Effect of mixing speed on physical properties

Faculty of Pharmacy, Siam University, Bangkok, Thailand

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