Graduate School – MAPD
1. A Case Study on the Causes of Ethnig Conflict within Nigeris
Ethnic conflict in Nigeria has led to the lack of peace and harmony. Nigeria is a complex country in Africa with over 300 ethnic groups and 120 different languages spoken throughout the country. The issue of discrimination, based on “We” and “Them.” negatively affect the socio-economic and political development of Nigeria. Since the day of independence, there has been the struggle for superiority and recognition among the various ethnic groups that led to the Nigerian civil war from 1967-70. Colonization, the struggle for position and power, resource control, social class status and land dispute has been the causes of ethnic conflicts within Nigeria. The objectives of this study are to explain the root causes of ethnic conflicts that lead to ethno–religious conflicts in Nigeria and to evaluate the magnitude of human and material resources destroyed as a result of such conflicts. A historical research method was employed for gathering secondary data from sources such as books, newspapers, magazines, dictionaries, journals, government publications and online information. The result revealed that the six geo-political zones of Nigeria namely; North West, North East, North Central, South West, South-South and South East zones have all witnessed all kinds of ethnic conflicts resulted from the same set of causes. Based on the findings, it was recommended that Nigeria should stop the practice of federalism and embrace confederation, which will give the country and its people autonomy to rule and manage their resources. The government should not be biased in sharing the wealth of the nation, one ethnic group, in particular, should not be favored against another.
Keywords: Nigeria, Conflicts, Ethnic Conflicts, Peace
By: Ogochukwu Micheal Osakwe
Degree: MASTER OF ARTS IN PEACE STUDIES AND DIPLOMACY
Advisor: Assistant Professor Dr.Chaiyanant Panyasiri, Associate Professor Dr.Tatree Nontasak-Director of the Master of Arts in Peace Studies and Diplomacy Program
PDF Full Text : http://www.research-system.siam.edu/2013-12-20-04-25-20/4706-2013-12-20-05-58-631
2. A PUBLIC OPINION ON THE EFFECT OF LANGUAGE BARRIER ON RACIAL ASSIMILATION
Despite the collegiate and congenial relationship that exists between Thais and foreigners, especially Nigerians, in academic and nonacademic environments alike, there are still traces of discrimination, isolation, and discrepancies, and this discriminatory gap must be breached. To actualize interracial assimilation, a mastery of English is a necessity and a major factor. School authorities, field and office workers, students, and the government must mobilize their efforts toward this goal, playing major and important roles in producing a society in which no such sociocultural or linguistic gaps or discriminatory activities exist. The objective of this study is to explore the effects of the language barrier in the assimilation between Nigerians and Thais to understand why a racial gap exists between the groups. A mixed method of primary and secondary research has been used to analyze this research, including a literature review, documentation, and interviews. The results reveal that the language barrier, cultural differences, inferiority complexes, orientation, religious beliefs, the media, personally preconceived notions of the respective other, a lack of interest due to personal reasons, the inability to carry on a discussion, and, above all, parental advice based on ancient customs, are the main hindrances in the assimilation between these two groups of people. Thus, the stronger the barrier, the less assimilation there is. Nigerians living in Thailand need to learn the Thai culture, language, and traditions to generate a clear and mutual understanding between Nigerians and Thais. This research reveals that if Nigerians and other foreigners speak the Thai language, there is a reduction in discrimination and an increase in the tendency for mutually respectful relationships to exist.
Keywords: Assimilation Barrier, External factors, Socialization.
By : Tony Nwabueze
Degree : MASTER OF ARTS IN PEACE STUDIES AND DIPLOMACY
PDF Full Text : http://www.research-system.siam.edu/2013-12-20-04-26-42/5036-mifgmosfet-2
3. Impacts of Climate Change on Human Security in Thailand
As climate change impacts such as sea-level rise, droughts and floods can pose a threat to human security in Thailand, this research asks what kinds of challenges does climate change pose to Thailand and how will those challenges affect human security. Climate change is a well-researched topic but previous work has failed to address it through the lens of human security. This research aims to underline that climate change is not only an environmental problem, but can affect societies in larger scale. The methodology used in this research involved documentary research supplemented by three expert interviews. The findings of this research confirm that climate change impacts can affect human security of the Thai population by destroying the crops, real estate and infrastructure. It is recommended for Thailand to spread awareness of environmental issues, continue regional co -operation with ASEAN, and invest in research in order to enhance mitigation and adaptation measures. Thailand should also prepare for climate related migration in the future.
Keywords: climate change, human security, Thailand
By: Ulla-Maria Liisa Vesteri
Degree: Master of Arts
Major Field: Peace Studies and Diplomacy
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