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Study on Faculty Turnover in Sichuan Xiandai Vocational College Based on Motivation Theory

Last modified: May 10, 2024
Estimated reading time: 2 min

Title: Study on Faculty Turnover in Sichuan Xiandai Vocational College Based on Motivation Theory

Author: Huang Yuhao

Advisor: Dr. Zhang Li

Master of Business Administration

Education Management

บัณฑิตวิทยาลัย (Graduate School)

Academic year:
2566 (2023)

The 7th STIU International Conference “Leadership & Social Sustainability in the Tech-Driven Era” on 19-21 August 2023 SECTION-10 (pp.2015-2028)  conference  proceedings PDF


Throughout the 1980s, China’s vocational colleges emerged as key players in higher education, diversifying operational levels and expanding enrollment targets, which were crucial for the sector’s growth. Over time, these institutions have shifted from competing for student numbers to striving for educational quality amidst intense competition, presenting a serious challenge for the faculty. Vocational colleges require a substantial number of teachers but often cannot provide the same benefits as public institutions, necessitating an overhaul of their management models and the adoption of a human resource management approach for their teaching staff. Public institutions have long followed a personnel management model that regards teachers as administrative affairs. This approach lacks the theoretical and practical research to guide human resource management for faculty members in higher education settings. Consequently, determining how to implement effective human resource management for teachers remains a pivotal concern in the reform of faculty management within vocational colleges. Sichuan Modern College, the subject of this study, is facing the same problem, with its faculty turnover rate on the rise. This study is thus undertaken within the context of this problem, aiming to explore and address this critical gap in research and practice. The research objectives of this paper were 1). To determine the problems of faculty turnover in Sichuan Xiandai Vocational College, 2). To analyze the factors affecting faculty turnover of faculty building in Sichuan Xiandai Vocational College. Through the interview method and motivation theory in the qualitative research method, this study analyzes the problems in the recruitment, reserve, development and team building of teachers in Sichuan Modern Vocational and Technical College as an example. In this study, the interviews were conducted with 30 interviewees, and the data were attributed to analyze the results of the interviews, which included 20 regular faculty members, 5 former faculty members, 2 human resource managers, and 3 administrators. There are mainly two findings, 1) concludes that the current problems of vocational colleges are caused by multiple positions for teachers, insufficient benefits, and compensation, limited personal and career development of teachers, and lack of humanization in the management of teachers, 2)and identified four key factors impacting faculty turnover rates: the stress of managing multiple roles, inadequate compensation, limited opportunities for career growth, and a lack of humanized management approaches. These factors collectively contribute to the decision-making process of faculty members when considering their employment continuity at Sichuan Xiandai Vocational College.

Keywords: human resource management, faculty turnover, vocational college, motivation theory


6417195828 HUANG YUHAO 2566 (2023) Advisor: Dr. Zhang Li, สารนิพนธ์ (Independent Study), ปริญญาโท (Master’s Degree), บัณฑิตวิทยาลัย (Graduate School), Master of Business Administration, Education Management, Bangkok: Siam University

Academic Year 2023, Graduate School 2023, IMBA, IMBA 2023, Independent Study, Independent Study 2023, Master of Business Administration, Master of Business Administration (International Program) 2023, Master of Business Administration 2023, ปริญญาโท (Master’s Degree), บัณฑิตวิทยาลัย (Graduate School), Master of Business Administration,Education Management