Association between socioecological factors and electronic cigarette use among Thai youth: An institution-based cross-sectional study

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Research Article: Association between socioecological factors and electronic cigarette use among Thai youth: An institution-based cross-sectional study
Author: Acharaporn Seeherunwong, Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul, Suleemas Angsukiattitavorn, Wipanun Muangsakul, Onnalin Singkhon, Sangdao Junda, Ruthaychonnee Sittichai, Pasitta Ondee and Wichai Aekplakorn
Email: suleemas.ang@siam.edu  ;  wipanun.mua@siam.edu
Department/Faculty: Faculty of Nursing,  Siam University, Bangkok 10160
Published: IBMJ Open 2023, 13(7), e069083. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2022-069083

Citation

Seeherunwong A., Tipayamongkholgul M., Angsukiattitavorn S., et al. (2023). Association between socioecological factors and electronic cigarette use among Thai youth: An institution-based cross-sectional study. BMJ Open, 13(7), e069083. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2022-069083


ABSTRACT

Objectives This study aimed to examine cigarette use distribution, pattern of e-cigarette use and to determine socioecological model (SEM) factors associated with e-cigarette use among Thai youth (aged 15–24).

Design An institution-based cross-sectional study.

Participants The study conducted in five regions: the north, south, central, northeast and Bangkok area of Thailand from May to October 2021. An internet-based, self-administered questionnaire was developed based on the SEM. We enrolled 13 139 students who understood Thai and voluntarily consented to participate in the study. Hierarchical generalised estimating equations identified the related factors to e-cigarette use consistent with the SEM.

Results of 12 948 respondents (95.5%), 181 were excluded due to a lack of cigarette use status. Of 12 767, the prevalence of cigarette use was 4.3%, e-cigarette use was 3.5% and dual-use was 2.4%. E-cigarettes were a much more favourable choice among female youth than cigarettes. E-cigarette users tended to express more positive beliefs towards e-cigarettes than non-users. Although the use of e-cigarettes is illegal in Thailand, 66% of users obtained e-cigarettes from online markets and 4% from grocery stores. We found that having a girlfriend or boyfriend who uses e-cigarettes increased the odds of e-cigarette use by 3.239 times. Interestingly, higher odds of e-cigarette use were associated with peer use than with sibling use among e-cigarette users. (Adjusted OR 2.786, 95% CI 1.844 to 4.208 and 2.485, 95% CI 1.402 to 4.404, respectively). Exposure to e-cigarette use in school increased the odds of ecigarette use by four times.

Conclusion This institution-based cross-sectional study revealed that youth e-cigarette use is a significant problem. To prevent the increasing rate of e-cigarette use, health literacy about e-cigarette use, including media and information literacy, should be launched across all levels of the school environment to enlist youth to stand against the negative impacts of e-cigarette use among all those of school age.


Association between socioecological factors and electronic cigarette use among Thai youth: An institution-based cross-sectional study

Faculty of Nursing, Siam University, Bangkok, Thailand

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