Evaluation of shellac-polyethylene glycol as an alternative material for fabrication of fused filament fabrication 3D printing filament at low extrusion temperature (SCOPUS)

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Research Article: Evaluation of shellac-polyethylene glycol as an alternative material for fabrication of fused filament fabrication 3D printing filament at low extrusion temperature
Author: Siraprapa Chansatidkosol, Chutima Limmatvapirat, Pornsak Sriamornsak, Suchada Piriyaprasarth, Vipaluk Patomchaiviwat, Perayot Pamonsinlapatham, Nawinda Chinatangkul & Sontaya Limmatvapirat  
Email: nawinda.chi@siam.edu
Department|Faculty: Faculty of Pharmacy,  Siam University, Bangkok 10160
Published: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Volume 140, Issue 19, pages 1-19.

Citation

Chansatidkosol S., Limmatvapirat C., Sriamornsak P., Piriyaprasarth S., Patomchaiviwat V., Pamonsinlapatham P., Chinatangkul N., & Limmatvapirat S. (2023). Evaluation of shellac-polyethylene glycol as an alternative material for fabrication of fused filament fabrication 3D printing filament at low extrusion temperature. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 140(19), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.53835


ABSTRACT

The lack of biopolymer filament has been recognized as a significant challenge to fused filament fabrication (FFF) or fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printing. According to the restricted choice, shellac is a natural polymer of interest due to its thermoplastic property at a low temperature. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of applying shellac as a candidate biopolymer for FFF 3D printing filaments. Shellac matrices and plasticized shellac matrices of varying grades of polyethylene glycol (PEG) were prepared using hot melt processes, and their physicochemical properties and filament properties were investigated. The results showed that a shellac matrix could be easily prepared at 80°C and stayed stable for up to 12 h. The addition of PEG could improve the stability of the shellac matrix as demonstrated by a slight deviation in acid value, percent insoluble solid, and FTIR spectra after annealing for 24 h. The shellac filaments with acceptable appearance and mechanical properties were also produced at 80 ± 5°C by the incorporation of 10–20% w/w of PEG 4000 or PEG 10000. Therefore, SHL-PEG might be a good candidate material for the fabrication of 3D printing filament, especially at low extrusion temperature.

Keywords: 3D printing filament, hot melt extrusion (HME), hot melt process, plasticizer, polyethylene glycol, shellac.


Evaluation of shellac-polyethylene glycol as an alternative material for fabrication of fused filament fabrication 3D printing filament at low extrusion temperature

Faculty of Pharmacy, Siam University, Bangkok, Thailand

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