The effect of surfactant on the physical properties of coconut oil nanoemulsions

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Research Article: The effect of surfactant on the physical properties of coconut oil nanoemulsions
Author: Sirikarn Pengona, Nawinda Chinatangkul, Chutima Limmatvapiratc & Sontaya Limmatvapirat
Department|Faculty: Faculty of Pharmacy,  Siam University, Bangkok 10160
Published: Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 13, Issue 5, September 2018, Pages 409-414


Sirikarn Pengona, Nawinda Chinatangkula, Chutima Limmatvapiratc & Sontaya Limmatvapirat. (2018). The effect of surfactant on the physical properties of coconut oil nanoemulsions. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 13(5), 409-414.


The aim of this study was to develop the water compatible form of coconut oil through nano-emulsification. The effect of different types and amounts of surfactants on the physical characteristics of nanoemulsions containing coconut oil was investigated. Coconut oil nanoemulsions containing varied amounts of surfactants including polyethylene glycol octyl phenyl ether (PGO), polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate (POS), polyethylene glycol hydrogenated castor oil (PHC), sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) and poloxamer 407 (PLX) were formulated and comparatively evaluated for their physical properties. The results showed that the coconut oil nanoemulsions using PGO, POS and PHC as surfactants exhibited low percent creaming index indicating excellent stability, while those containing SLS and PLX demonstrated the higher percent creaming index suggesting lesser physical stability. The droplet sizes of nanoemulsions consisting of 5% (w/w) PGO, POS and PHC were 22.843, 4.458 and 0.162 µm, respectively. Thus, coconut oil nanoemulsions with the smallest size could be obtained when PHC was applied. Furthermore, the droplet size of nanoemulsions decreased from 33 µm to less than 200 nm with an increase in the amount of PHC from 1% to 10% (w/w). Additionally, the properties of coconut oil based nanoemulsions containing PHC were not changed through temperature cycling test. From these results, it was suggested that the fabrication of stable coconut oil nanoemulsions with small particle size could be easily achieved by using 5% (w/w) PHC as a surfactant. The knowledge gained from the study might provide the basic guideline for the fabrication of stable nanoemulsions for food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical fields in the future.

Keywords:  Coconut oil, Nanoemulsions, Stability.

The effect of surfactant on the physical properties of coconut oil nanoemulsions

Faculty of Pharmacy, Siam University, Bangkok, Thailand

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