Project Title : The studies of job satisfaction of Myanmar migrant workers at Mahachai Thailand
By : Viyatta
Advisor : Dr. Rungroje Songsraboon
Degree : International Master in Business Administration
Major : Business Administration
Faculty : International Graduate Schools
Academic year : 2017
This research aims to Myanmar migrant workers at Thailand and to study the perceptions of their job satisfactions at Mhanachai, where a majority of Myanmar migrant are currently working under the unexpectived conditions of challenging, such as Identical Verification Card process, the MOUs, changing policies of passports, illegal channels, lack of workers’ rights, deducted of base pays, deficiency of healthcare, workplace securities and so on.
Thailand has 68.2 million of populations with 38.0 million of labor force and 3.5 million migrants both registered and unregistered working at Thailand. Total workforce of migrant was approximately 3 million, was 7% of the country’s working populations. Majority are from the sector of fisheries around 75% of total labor force composed of migrant workers and moreover, 80% of construction workforce sectors were composed of migrant workers and it is said that migrant workforce was account for 1% of Thailand’ gross domestic product (GDP).
Among them, 76% of migrant workers from Myanmar and around 2.3 million of Myanmar migrant are working at Thailand. Mahachai is named for the port town of Samut Sakhon province, west of Bangkok city, also a major reigion of fishing industries bringing in billions of dollars annually in Thailand. According to labor activists say there are about 200,000 Myanmar migrant workers working at several sectors of manufacturing, such as fisheries which is mainly one of the most migrant dependent sector and 75% of total labor force composed of migrants.
In this research, it has four hypotheses of two objectives with independent variable and how these impact to dependent variable of Myanmar migrant workers’ job satisfactions, such as relationship between job stability/retention, employee security, employee legality, compensation/ employee benefits and their job satisfactions.
Researcher for this survey has used the methods of both quantitative and qualitative. The primary data of this research was collected from Myanmar migrant workers at Mahachai using the questionnaires. The secondary’s sources of this research were collected from books, magazines, journals, government and organizations report and the relevant of legal internet websites.
The perceptions of job stability, employee security and compensation/employee benefits with the moderate level of them were majorly presented, but employee legality of them were negatively expressed with dissatisfied level, particularly expenditure of identity verification card or passports, contract of work permit with employers, changing policy of type of ID cards or passports and services of agencies or brokers to legality for them. The overall satisfaction of four hypotheses, were shown a large-scale of yes respondents than no respondents.
Researcher has gained an experience of the perceptions of Myanmar migrant workers and their job satisfactions after studying this survey. It was assumed that there would be needed more research for them to understand a vest of problems of challenge conditions. This research due to limited of times may has the deficiency of information and the perceptions of Myanmar migrant people owing to the cultural and environmental differences for them.
Keywords: Job stabilities, Employee security, Employee legality, Compensation, Employee benefits, Myanmar migrant workers.
The studies of job satisfaction of Myanmar migrant workers at Mahachai Thailand
International Master in Business Administration(IMBA), Siam University, Thailand